If Schroeder is able to recover the bones DNA and sequence it, this would mean breaking through to new grounds that have never been reached before. The only other ancient DNA identification scientists were able to recover was last year on a sample from a cold climate (northern Europe), which resulted in the discovery of the first Mediterranean ancient genome of a Neolithic (New Stone Age) individual from Spain.
One question that many researchers have been asking themselves is: Why have so many bones been found at this site compared to many other shipwrecks were hardly none are recovered?
Well, researchers have concluded that this shipwreck must have possessed two components that a majority of other shipwrecks did not.
1. The wreck must have happened fairly quickly, much faster than the time it takes for the passengers to react to it.
2. Many people must have been below deck at the time of the sinking.
For the time of the wreck, the vessel was extremely large, measuring up to forty meters long. The ship also had multiple decks with many passengers. Since the wreck happened close to shore, researchers think the boat crashed against the rocks and broke up the boat and started sinking, before the passengers on the lower deck realized and had time to evacuate.
More news will be released on this exciting discovery, as soon as the results from the DNA testing are confirmed. Then the next step will be to sequence the genes which will take several months. For now, that is all that has been reported.
The below link is a document on how scientists recover DNA from ancient remains!