Friday, March 23, 2018

Engineering the Livestock of Tomorrow

According to the article “Scientists on brink of overcoming livestock diseases through gene editing”, by Hannah Devlin, UK geneticists at the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh have been making significant progress in genetically engineering disease resistance and resilience into livestock species. Although still in its trial stages, the director at the Roslin Institute, Prof Eleanor Riley, believes that in the very near future, the farming industry will be able to save millions every year once these resistant/resilient animals are successfully introduced into the live stock population. The first and most promising experimental trial is currently producing blue ear disease resistant swine, who may be introduced into the live stock population as soon as in three years’ time. Blue ear disease can cause the effected swine to produce stunted offspring or still births, resulting in significant monetary loss in the farming industry. By identifying the gene that codes for the surface receptor, in pig cells, that the virus needs in order to bind and spread, the scientists at Roslin, were able to select and remove a small section of this gene, therefore causing the link from the blue ear virus to the pig cells to be removed entirely. This in turn means that this small genetic intervention would make the resulting swine immune to this ailment  
Image result for blue ear disease                    (pig with blue ear)         
            Furthermore, this type of genetic identification and alteration research is also under way for other significant live stock illnesses, such as the avian flu, oyster herpes, and amoebic gill disease in salmon. Geneticists at Rolsin have also begun investigating the genetic foundation for E coli and campylobacter resilience, as they are believed to be the cause of hundreds of thousands of food poisoning cases in the U.K. alone each year. Yet the public seem slow to come around to the idea of eating genetically modified animals (even though they have had no qualms with GMO crops for decades). However, once they realize the benefits genetically engineered livestock will bring to animal welfare and environmental impact mitigation, both the professionals at the Roslin institute and myself believe, the publics opinion will sway much faster in its favor.
Link to article
And for more on Blue Ear Disease

1 comment:

  1. Dear, Drew
    genetic editing is a very interesting process to learn about and there is still more to discover because there are obstacles that many researchers have to face in order to make gene editing possible and save. I beilve it is a good idea to find a way to engeneering the livestock in oder to prevent diseases from developing. Of course some individuals may be agaisnt that idea and there are many reasons why, but i feel that these would have good intentions and would increase the live stock industry. Not only that but gene editing could also be use on humans to prevent genetic deseases!