Tuesday, April 27, 2021
Causes of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive disorder or manic depression, is an episodic mental disorder that causes unusually extreme fluctuations in mood, energy, activity, and focus. In the manic episodes, the person feels very happy and increases in activity and motivation. In the depressive episodes, the person feels hopeless, sad, etc. and decreases in activity and motivation.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, bipolar disorder develops or starts during late adolescence or early adulthood. There are two main causes to this disorder: genes and brain structure/function.
The chance of a person having manic depression given that one of their family member has it is 4 to 6 times higher than someone who doesn't have a family member with it. In identical twins, if one has it, there is a 70% chance that the other will have it.
A faulty brain circuitry may also cause this disorder. Neurotransmitters, like noradrenaline and serotonin are associated with mood disorders. In a normal person, these chemicals are balanced in the system -- not too high nor too low. Extraneous factors may shift these chemicals off balance and cause the disorder. For example, mania episodes are associated with high noradrenaline levels and depressive episodes are associated with low levels.