Antlers in deer regrow quickly and efficiently as each season produces a new pair that can reach up to 50 inches long, scientists have identified the two genes that control this growth in deer DNA. Similar genes have also are believed to be located in human genetic makeup. This means that those people who have genetic conditions that relate to bone growth can hopefully receive gene therapy in the near future. The study started by collecting samples from deer antlers and discovering that they were mostly comprised of stem cells, these stem cells produce similar RNA to humans. This allowed for the RNA to be injected into mice to tinker with the genetic makeup to hopefully produce the proper DNA sequence to aid in bone growth. The study identified genes uhrf1 and s100a10 as the genes responsible for the antler growth and is currently under testing to understand how they function. Uhrf1 is a tissue promoter while s100a10 creates calcium deposits, these two genes in tandem are what creates antlers in deer. The study claims that if successful, these genes can have unrivaled potential in the health sciences fields.
I believe that such a study is key to helping out those affected with bone conditions and those that struggle with maintaining bone density such as elderly and sickly people. It seems almost obvious that the genes that cause antler growth in deer would also help produce bones in humans. Those who have held or felt an antler can notice it is strikingly similar to bones in its appearance alone but the structures of each could differ at the genetic level. However if the study can find some way to manipulate these genes than it truly would have unrivaled potential in health sciences.
Quenqua, D. (2018, October 31). Deer Antlers Couldn't Grow So Fast Without These Genes. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/30/science/deer-antlers-genes.html
Deer Genes Identified in Antler Production. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.jdsupra.com/legalnews/deer-genes-identified-in-antler-75926/