According to new research at the University of Queensland, humans and sponges have a lot in common. The study found that sponges gene regulation is as complex as humans. Gene regulation is the process that refers to when and how genes are activated. Histones are proteins that are packaged within the genetic material and help to determine whether a gene is turned off or on. The discovery of histones in Amphimdeon queenslandica, or sponges, shows that this mechanism was “present at the evolutionary dawn of multicellular animals and across animal species’ (Science Daily, 2017).