Von Willebrand was a Finnish scientist who discovered this disease. The reason for the bleeding is due to the blood missing a key protein that causes it to clot. Although hemophilia and Von Willebrand disease both result in heavy bleeding due to an issue in blood clotting, their mechanisms are different. This results in heavy bleeding during the menstrual cycle of even from a small injury. There's 3 types of Von Willebrand disease, type 1 being the mildest and types 2 and 3 being genetic. In addition to easy bruising and bleeding, people might experience bleeding gums from simply brushing their teeth or bleeding of their gastrointestinal tract. Bleeding is usually seen from more than one place.
This disease can results in issues when it comes to pregnancy and child birth because of the possibility of the mother bleeding to death from giving birth. It's best to catch this disease early so infants can also be tested, especially since circumcision of little boys can also lead to heavy bleeding.
Treatment for this disease can be surgery or taking medication that contains the Von Willebrand factor that helps blood restore its ability to clot.