Researchers have recently conducted studies in both humans and mice and has called the new schizophrenia gene C4. They have said that it appears to be involved in breaking down neurons, which is called synaptic pruning. The researchers realized that it might be possible that inappropriate pruning of neural connections could lead to the development of schizophrenia. They found that this could be the reason why teens are often first to develop symptoms of schizophrenia.
Further research is needed for the scientists to make sure that their findings are correct, but if the theory holds true, then this would be one of the first times that researches have linked schizophrenia to certain genes.
Beth Stevens, a neuroscientist who worked on the new study, said "We're far from having a treatment based on this, but it's exciting to think that one day, we might be able to turn down the pruning process in some individuals and decrease their risk"