Bones from a cave found in southern Siberia Russia, have led to the discovery of one of the oldest known Neanderthal family. Researchers have identified that this Neanderthals family consisted of a father, his teenage daughter, and others who were also closely related, presumably cousins. DNA extracted from the bones and teeth of the group/community has led to some suggestions on how theses ancient people formed groups. They were smaller in size and found that the females often migrated from their own group to follow their partner's. Since mitochondrial DNA is commonly inherited from the mother and showed greater distinction compared to the Y chromosome from the males, also helps conclude that the females migrated while the males stayed within their own group/community.
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