sickle cell anemia is a disease that makes red blood cells have a sickle shape and be sticky, this makes them clump together and block vessels, they die early and provoke a lack f red blood cells as well. sickle cell anemia is part of the group known as sickle cell disease or SCD which is a group of inherited red blood cell disorders. sickle cell anemia is caused when a person is born with a pair of genes called "sickle cell gene", a person with only one gene becomes a healthy carrier.
The symptoms of sickle cell anemia include: yellowing of the skin and/or the white of the eyes called icterus, swelling of the hands and feet, fatigue from anemia, strokes, blood clots, chronic pain, and damaged blood vessels in the eye.
Sickle cell anemia is inheritable, parents can undergo testing to see how likely their child is going to have the disease, it can also be detected before birth using amniotic fluid or tissue from the placenta; finally, it can also be diagnosed with a simple blood test.
Some treatments for sickle cell anemia are penicillin/antibiotics to reduce the risk in young children, hydroxyurea to reduce the risk of SCD complications although you must talk to a doctor before taking it, pain relievers for chronic pain, and blood transfusions for the most complicated cases of anemia.