A team of researchers from Aarhus University, University of Copenhagen, and ETH Zürich have discovered how exactly bacteria are able to cope with antibiotics and attempt to survive them. When bacteria are exposed to antibiotics, they will enter a state of reduced cell division. This enables them to maintain the highest possible tolerance of the antibiotics. Basically, bacteria save up energy by way of an enzyme within them. This enzyme saves energy by forming "constituents of cellular DNA". These constituents are then used so that the cell may rapidly grow and divide once the antibiotic is no longer detected. Bacteria release a stress molecule named (p)ppGpp; once a molecule comes in contact with the antibiotics, the enzyme becomes more active.
If what these scientists have discovered is true, this is a huge breakthrough it seems in the world of antibiotics. We may now have a new technique in fighting bacteria. We may be able to counteract this microbial resistance by creating antibiotics that, on top of trying to kill the bacterial cell, can also destroy this (p)ppGpp molecule or the enzyme it that forms these DNA constituents.