Monday, April 17, 2017

No Matter The Size Life Exists

After continuous study of the genes necessary for life, the first artificial organism with the smallest genome has been created. Mycoplasma mycoides JCVI-syn3.0, carries a total of 473 genes including 149 genes of unknown function. The creation of this organism involved constant back and forth trials to determine the genes that were needed to sustain life and allowed for reproduction. There was only one particular organism with a low genome such as the JCVI-syn3.0, and it was fully sequenced in 1995 by the same group of researchers and contains a total of 525 genes. The differences between 473 genes and 525 genes are size and reproduction rate. The size and growth rate for JCVI-syn3.0 makes it more practical for lab work and manipulation. This discovery makes way for study in areas of science related to cell customization for effective drug development and alternatives for fossil fuels.  In combination with CRISPR gene editing, biologists and scientists are changing the future of biology.

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