Of course, translation is the process used to convert RNA to protein. By learning more about translation, scientists are hopeful that they can understand mechanisms employed by other genes that code for diseases like cancers. It's also pretty incredible that as many as ten amino acids can be strung together in a second. Proteins are one of the four biochemical macromolecules, and their construction is extremely important for life.
I think that this is a pretty cool article. It's interesting that somebody can practically witness the construction of a protein, and there are tons of directions that this experiment could shoot off towards. As alluded to earlier, it could be used to understand genetic disease mechanics, or even other proteins. With regards to the rate of protein construction, though, I think that it actually makes sense that the rate is about 10 amino acids per second. Proteins are constantly being denatured in the body due to localized pH or temperature changes, so proteins constantly need to be built to ensure that the body functions properly. They need to be made quickly to replace ones that are denatured, so that portion of the experiment makes perfect sense to me.