Clubfoot, or also commonly known as feet-facing backwards disorder is a birth defect that results in a twisted, deformed foot. Despite the appearance, those with the condition are otherwise healthy, and don’t typically experience any pain or discomfort. Treatment may include stretching via a cast, or surgery. This condition does have a genetic component and typically does run in families, however, researchers are still unsure what set of genes it influences. Clubfoot may also happen due to an underlying genetic syndrome, such as trisomy 18.
This disorder is fascinating due to only 1 in 1,000 babies having it (in the states), and it being most commonly passed down from families, although not a dominant trait. The more research that is conducted on what set of genes this condition affects, the more likely it’s able to be avoided altogether and fixed before the baby is born. To also diagnose the baby with clubfoot before it’s even born would be extremely useful in modern technology.