Since 2003, scientists have approached this with the mindset that the best way to understand the diseases is to understand the infector (host). However, the genome of the mosquito had never been pieced together or even fully completed. This project has been performed over decades and has been a multi-organization collaborative effort. This blue-print has allowed for the characterization of unidentified genes i.e. receptors which detect odors and guide mosquitoes to ideal areas (places to lay eggs or feed).
Another interesting finding from the blue-print were multiple copies of genes that code for an enzyme that neutralizes the toxic effects of insecticides, suggesting that mosquitoes are evolving to protect themselves.